The lock industry has gone through evolutions that have made security tighter and more reliable. Recently, advanced technology has occupied a permanent role in the lock industry as it has produced lock products that are expected to remain strong and reliable for long periods of time. An example of these is smart locks.
For a deeper understanding of how technology has changed locks and security, below is a detailed discussion of the differences, advantages, and disadvantages of traditional locks and smart locks.
Types of Locks
Essentially, traditional locks need to be operated manually. There are locks that can be operated by twisting a thumb turn, by inserting and turning a key, or by pressing a button. Examples of traditional locks are deadbolt locks, mortise locks, rim locks, pin tumbler locks, and knob locks.
Smart locks, on the other hand, are operated electronically and do not need to be manually controlled. Many smart locks can be controlled remotely, usually though a smartphone app or through other smart devices, while other smart locks also store records of their access histories. Since smart locks do not require keys, they are more convenient and practical, as they eliminate the problem of lost keys.
How Locks Operate
Many traditional locks use keys. These locks contain cylinders that enclose sprinted pins, including key pins and driver pins. When the correct key is inserted in the lock, and thus in the cylinder, the key pins move up, raising the driver pins along with them. The pins are then aligned perfectly to the shear line, enabling the key to turn. If the wrong key is inserted, the pins will not align and the key will not turn, prohibiting the lock from being opened.
In contrast, smart locks use different software features to operate. A few locks require entering a code. Others come with key fobs that unlock the smart locks when they are nearby. As mentioned, others are controlled using a smartphone app, while others operate only when they are authenticated by smart home security devices.
Security of Locks
Since traditional locks come in different designs, the level of security that they offer also varies. Some traditional locks are simply more secure than others. For instance, deadbolts, which come in single or double cylinder types, are usually very secure, but only when they are used in the right way.
Fortunately, there exist several ways to improve the security of a traditional lock. These include extending the deadbolt throws or screws and adding solid metal striking plates. While a number of locks can resist forced entry through lock picking or bumping, the security of the lock still relies on the lock and the frame being firmly and securely installed.
Meanwhile, security features of smart locks include remote locking and remote monitoring of lock usage. However, they do not provide physical improvements to lock security. For example, smart locks that are used with deadbolts are limited in design.
A few of them do not work with lever handles or double cylinder types. Moreover, smart locks cannot be enhanced with additional customized physical features as smart lock manufacturers require the use of their own hardware. Because of these, some smart locks can be exposed to burglars, forced entry attempts, and even cyberattacks.
Despite the differences among the above types of locks, the choice of lock for any person depends on his preference and situation. Hopefully, the discussion above helps you decide which lock is most suitable for your needs.
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Florin A. is a Digital Advertising professional and article writer who likes to research the modern trends in business, technology and marketing communications and writes about a variety of stories.