House renting laws were established to protect the rights of both landlords and tenants. The rules and regulations of house rental laws protect the property by keeping the tenant in check and preventing him or her from destroying the property.
The law also protects the interests of the tenant by preventing the landlord from making changes to the terms of the lease at will. Whether you are the landlord or the tenant, it is important to be fully aware of your legal rights and obligations. This way proper legal action can be taken in case of a violation of the law. Let’s take a closer look into the various generic house rental laws.
Equality And Fairness
Fair housing acts prohibit any landlord of a home or real estate business from discriminating against tenants. Landlords are not permitted to close the door on potential tenants on basis of their age, gender, race, or marital status.
A landlord is also not allowed to turn away a tenant because he or she is disabled or has small children. Any landlord who practices discrimination when lending out his or her premises can be charged and found guilty in a court of law.
Obligations Of The Landlord
The first and most important legal obligation of a landlord is to provide a tenant with a rent book and a statement of the tenancy terms within 28 days of the tenant moving in. The landlord is also responsible for:
- Maintaining the structure and the property’s exterior.
- Keeping the property fit for habitation by ensuring that the bathroom, sinks, as well as heating and water systems are in proper working condition.
- Making interior repairs.
- Ensuring the safety of gas and electrical appliances.
Obligations Of The Tenant
Legally a tenant is responsible for:
- Paying the monthly rent as agreed upon.
- Making timely payments for electricity, gas, and telephone bills.
- Living in harmony with neighbors.
- Maintaining the property in good shape and keeping a reasonable state of cleanliness.
Rental Fee Law
Once a landlord and tenant reach a consensus on the rent and payment methods, the tenant is obliged to make the payment monthly or following the payment plans agreed upon until he or she vacates the premises. The rental fee should remain constant and cannot be raised until the lease expires and is renegotiated.
Cancelling A Lease
A lease is a legally binding document in which the tenant must honor all of the terms and conditions outlined in the contract. Therefore, should a tenant wish to break a lease, the landlord must first agree to let the tenant out of the lease agreement.
If the landlord refuses to let the tenant go, the law allows the tenant to seek legal action and provide justifiable reasons to the court as to why the lease agreement should be terminated.
All tenants are required to pay a security deposit before moving in. The law states that all security deposits should be refunded to the tenant when he or she is moving out. This however only applies if the property is in the same condition as when the tenant moved in and there are no outstanding rental debts.
Property rental laws may vary from state to state, but most countries address the factors explained above.
This article was written by Davis Cruickshank, a part-time writer and real estate developer. If you are looking for legal assistance for house renting issues, Davis suggests you visit http://www.jamesgibb.co.uk/.